Federal Budget 2018 – Just A Little Bit Vanilla
If there was a word to describe the Federal Budget 2018 it would be Vanilla. Perhaps scarred by the ghosts of budgets past, Scott Morrison announced a budget that was neither progressive nor conservative. I think Bill Shorten is probably miffed that there is not more to fight about. We saw modest income tax cuts to lower earners and tax cuts to higher income earners promised down the track. Retirees saw a few small measures that may assist them, but hardly ground breaking. There was a surplus to start to repay government debt, but not enough for Peter Costello to think he would see it in his lifetime.
Leaving commentary on the economics and social outcomes to the experts in those areas, what does it mean to our clients? The news is mostly good – as you would expect given that an election is anticipated before the next budget comes around. This is not the time for Treasurers to make life harder. ScoMo wants to be everyone’s best mate!
Next week, we will provide a detailed analysis of what some of the more substantial budget measures will mean for clients’ financial plans. For now, we want to run through the major announcements from earlier this week. This summary assumes that all announcements will be passed by Parliament and actually happen.
The banner headline is that many people will pay less tax. Under the current rules, every dollar that you earn between $37,000 and $87,000 is taxed at 32.5%. Income between $87,000 and $180,000 is then taxed at 37%. From next financial year, the $87,000 threshold will become $90,000. So, income between $87,000 and $90,000 will be taxed at 32.5% rather than 37%. For people earning $90,000 or more, this reduces their tax liability by $135 per year.
In addition, there will be a temporary additional tax offset available to people on low to middle incomes. The maximum offset will be $530 per year. This amount of offset kicks in for incomes between $48,000 and $90,000. Incomes below $40,000 receive a lower offset. Incomes between $90,000 and $125,333 also receive a reduced offset. No offset is available for people with incomes above $125,333.
This temporary offset complements the existing low-income tax offset. This has been done to ensure that personal tax arrangements remain as convoluted as possible.
This temporary offset is scheduled to remain in place for four years. From 2022/23 onwards, it will be largely replaced by changes to the various tax brackets at which higher rates of tax become payable. For example, under the current system, income below $37,000 is taxed at 19%. Income above $37,000 starts to be taxed at 32.5%. From 2022/23, this threshold will increase to $41,000. Other brackets will be adjusted as well, with the net effect being less tax payable for all income above $37,000.
That said, these changes are five years away! Five years ago, Julia Gillard was still PM (that’s three PMs ago). So, there is little point in assuming that these changes will happen as announced. For now, we suggest concentrating simply on the changes that will take immediate effect: the saving of up to $135 per year for people earning $90,000 or more, and the temporary additional tax offset of up to $530 for people earning less than $125,000.
If you are working, you are likely to have a little more in your pocket each month.
Previously, the government had announced that the Medicare levy would be increasing from 2% to 2.5% from 1 July 2019. This has been unannounced. The Medicare levy will remain 2%.
Under current rules, pensioners can earn employment income up to $250 per fortnight without impacting their aged pension, this is known as the Pension Work ‘Bonus.’
From 1 July 2019, this amount will increase to $300 per fortnight, and self-employed people will be eligible for the bonus for the first time. Thus, up to $7,800 can be earned each year from paid employment without pension entitlements being affected, this is in addition to the regular income that can be earned before a pension becomes reduced.
There will also be an expansion to the Pension Loan Scheme. Under the current rules, people of aged pension age and who qualify for the aged pension can use their house as security for a loan. The loan is limited to the difference between the maximum aged pension and the amount that person actually receives. These rules will be loosened to allow everyone of pension age to access a loan, regardless of whether they are eligible for the aged pension under other rules. The limit will increase to 150% of the maximum aged pension each year. This loan works much like a reverse mortgage, whereby the loan from the Government is repayable when the home offered as security is disposed of. The logic is simple: if you do not qualify for the (full) aged pension, the Government will lend you an equivalent amount (plus 50%) each year, which is repaid when you don’t need your house any longer.
The current interest rate of 5.2% is lower than that typically payable for a reverse mortgage from a bank, so this measure may well prove popular.
Some years ago, small businesses were given the opportunity to claim a full tax deduction for the purchase of assets up to the value of $20,000. Typically, assets need to be depreciated over time, meaning that the deduction for purchasing assets is spread out over several years.
This opportunity has been extended for the 2018/19.
To encourage people to remain in their home, additional home care packages will be made available over the coming four years.
A couple of relatively minor changes have been introduced for superannuation. Under current rules, a person aged between 65 and 74 who wishes to make a voluntary contribution to super must meet a work test. This rule will be relaxed somewhat, allowing a person to make a voluntary contribution in the first year in which they don’t meet the work test (in most cases, the year after they retire). This relaxation will only be available for people with balances below $300,000.
Exit fees on superannuation accounts will be banned from 1 July 2019.
From the same date, fees charged on funds with low balances (up to or below $6000) will be capped at no more than 1.5% of that balance.
People with similarly low balances and who are aged under 25, and whose accounts have been inactive for more than 13 months, will also need to ‘opt in’ to purchase default life insurance through their super. This change is designed to prevent default insurances eating up all of a young person’s small super account.
Self-Managed Super Funds
Under current rules, a self managed super fund can have no more than four members. This will increase to a maximum of six members from 1 July 2019. Existing funds will be able to expand their membership from that date. New funds can start with any membership up to six.
In addition, some self-managed superannuation funds will be able to move away from an annual audit. If a fund has three clear years of audit reports, they will be able to start being audited just once every three years. This assumes they are also up to date with the lodgement of their returns. This will reduce the cost and compliance burden of managing one’s own fund.
The Opposition’s Alternative
The Labor Party delivered it’s reply on Wednesday night. We don’t outline those policies in this post because they are an election away from being able to implement them. However if you want a great overview of their position, Bianca Hartge-Hazelman wrote a good article for Women’s Agenda outlining the key features proposed and the comparing the Labor Party’s focus on women in their budget and the glaring omission of references to women in Scott Morrison’s address. You can read it here Labor’s Budget reply features ‘women’ & commitment to pay equality.